Ayurveda Dictionary

Agni

The digestive fire with the function of regulating digestion, absorption and assimilationAna

Ama

Undigested food, herbs or experiences that create disease-forming toxins

Amasaya

The stomach

Anabolic

Describes an agent involved in the building phase of metabolism

Analgesic

A pain relieving agent

Antibiotic

An agent that kills bacteria

Antipruitic

An agent that stops itching

Antispasmodic

An agent that relieves muscular spasms and contraction

Apana vayu

The aspect of vata responsible for moving downwards and eliminating stool, flatus, urine, menses and foetus

Aperient 

Mild laxative

Aphrodisiac

An agent that tones the reproductive system

Aromatic

A fragrant herb or essential oil that tones digestive system and reduces flatulence

Asthi dhatu 

Bone tissue 

Astringent

An agent that causes cell contraction used to dry discharge

Avalambaka kapha

The aspect of kapha that resides in the heart and lungs, supports ojas and is connected with immunity

Ayurveda 

The traditional medical system if India meaning “science of life”

Bhasma 

Analchemical tonic compound made from metal or gems

Bhrajaka pitta

The aspect of pitta that ides in the skin and gives awareness to touch and skin colour and lustre

Bhutagni

The aspect of agni that resides in the liver and is responsible for transforming the elements of earth, water, fire, air and space

Bodhaka kapha

An aspect of kapha that resides int eh tongue and mouth that facilitates taste and digestion

Borborygmus

Sounds form the intestines caused by the movement of fluid or gas

Chakra

An energy centre linking the physical and the astral realms, also related with the plexuses from which nerve fibres spread throughout the body

Charaka

The author considered to have expounded the Charaka Samhita the oldest Ayurvedic text written between 150bc and 100ce

Carminative

An agent that relieves gas, spasms and helps digestion

Catabolic

Describes the destructive phase of the metabolism

Cathartic

A strong laxative that causes a complete flushing of the bowel

Chronic disease

A disease with gradual onset long term symptoms and gradual changes

Demulcent

A soft mucilaginous agent that protect the mucous membranes

Dhavantri

The lord of Ayurveda

Dhatu

Oneo fothe seven tissues that give structure and support to the whole body

Dhatu-agni

The digestive fire that exists in the tissue membranes and is responsible for digesting the unstable portion of the dhatu in the stable portion.  It also separates the waste products, secondary tissue and unstable portion of the next tissue in the nutritive hierarchy form the stable portion.

Diaphoretic

An agent that causes sweating

Diuretic

One of the three humours called vata, pitta and kapha.  When balanced they are responsible for good health but when Imbalanced they act as faults and can cause illness

Dysmenorrhoea

Painful periods

Emetic

An agent that causes vomiting

Ghee

Clarified butter

Guna

The three subtle qualities of nature sattva, rajas and tamas also the 20 attributes that describe the different qualities of matter in Ayurveda.

Hrdaya

The heart

Kapha

One of the the three doshas with qualities of earth and water, it is heavy wet and cold and lives in the stomach and is responsible for nourishing the mucous membranes, bones, joints heart and memory it lubricates the organs and joints and binds the whole body together.  When healthy it creates love and compassion when destabilised it creates phlegm excess weight lung problems greed and attachement.

Ojas

The essence of all digestion that maintains the inherent immunity and strength of the body.  The ultimate result of perfectly digesting kapha foods and experiences.

Pitta 

The humour comprised of water and fire it is hot, wet and light and its main site is the small intestine.  It is responsible for the metabolic processes of the body.  When healthy it adds zest, clarity and energy to life, but when aggravated it creates burning, inflammation and anger.

Prakrti

The manifest aspect of reality that is expressed in matter, nature and creation, also used to describe the individual constitution and nature of every person

Prana

The subtle essence of lifeforce, it travels on the breat and is absorbed from the air, food and nature.  It is responsible for vitality and cellular communication.  It is the link between body and mind.

Prana Vayu

One of the five aspects of vata that is responsible for inspiration and drawing thinks to the body.  Its main seat is the brain and it operates between the navel and the throat.  It regulates mental functions and respiration.

Pranayama

The yogic practice of breathing with awareness

Purusa

 The subtle aspect of consciousness that is ever still and watch full

Rajas

The quality of nature responsible for movement passion and energy.

Rasa

 The taste of a substance there are six tastes, sweet, salty sour, pungent bitter and astringent in Ayurveda we classify the quality of foods and herbs.

Roga

 Disease

Tamas

 The quality of nature that reflects dullness inertia and darkness

Vata

 The humour made form space and air elements it is light, dry and cold and resides int he large intestine it is responsible for all movement in the nervous system muscles heart and mind when out of balance it creates bloating erratic digestion constipation and anxiety when in blalance it creates inspired creativity and flexibility.

Vikrti

 The current state of a persons health or the present state of imbalance as apposed ot the prakrti which is a life long constitution.

Yoga

 The practice of unifying the mind and body self and cosmic self.  Commonly practiced as postures and breathing and meditation to harmonise body and mind.


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